Types of personality disorder

Types of personality disorder
JuanitaHFNE

Juanita Agboola is the editor in chief of HFNE and an expert in mental health online. She has been writing about online behaviour, mental health and psychology issues since 2012. All Guides are reviewed by our editorial team which constitutes various clinical psychologists, PhD and PsyD colleagues.

This blog will be discussing about the different types of Personality disorders, histrionic personality disorder, tests measuring the person’s tendency to have a personality disorder, personality disorders related to anxiety, list of personality disorder, the definition of personality disorder, clusters of personality disorders, symptoms of each personality disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, common personality disorders, and paranoid personality disorder.

Personality disorder

A personality disorder is a psychological disorder that means that the traits of a person are harmful to the person and other people and distress are manifested on these traits in the person or as felt by other people. Personality is a series of traits and characteristics that make people unique and similar to other people. Personality tends to be a lifetime phenomenon where it started in the first years of life to the elderly years of the person. Personality is labeled as a personality disorder if it causes problems to happen to the person because the person seems to be lacking in the social graces that other people should be treated with.

Personality disorders are quite common in the country. This may have happened since personality tends to be consistent over time. Most people with personality disorders tend to be unaware that their personalities are disturbing to some people or even themselves. Some people with personality disorders are flexible in the social environment but this flexibility may come off as fake or unnatural which may cause distress to the person.

Personality disorders types

10 Types of personality disorders are stated in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) which is a manual of mental disorders that are sold on this website. These 10 types are grouped into 3 clusters of personality disorders based on the similarity of symptoms between some personality disorders. These types of personality disorders are paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, Narcissistic personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. The three clusters used to group these personality disorders are cluster A, cluster B, and cluster C.

Cluster A contains the personality disorders that are described as odd or eccentric, such as paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder. Cluster B is filled with personality disorders that are described as exaggerating or emotional such as borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, and narcissistic personality disorder. Cluster C contains the personality disorders that are described as fearful or anxious such as dependent personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. These personality disorders were found to be more common than previously thought of by psychologists in the country.

Types of personality disorder

Histrionic

A histrionic personality disorder is a kind of personality disorder that is described as a need for constant attention through over-dramatic behaviors that can cause distress to others and the patient. Patients with this kind of personality disorder are not usually drama addicts. Most people look at this personality disorder as a drama club member. Some patients are more not involved in clubs since they tend to be a bother to most people.

Some psychologists find this personality disorder as a controversial diagnosis. This is because this kind of personality disorder is usually diagnosed with women. This is because of the traits in the personality disorder which characterizes the over-dramatization of these patients are mostly related to most characteristics of women’s over-emotional behaviors. You can learn more about the details about histrionic personality disorder by buying this book on this website

Types of personality disorder

What is personality disorder

A personality disorder is a kind of psychological disorder that revolves around some traits of a person that may cause distress to the person, deviant behavior, dysfunction in some areas in life, and shows deviance as a person in a specific society. Personality disorders are more common in most countries but most of these people have some traits of personality disorder. The traits of a personality disorder can cause distress to a person through seeing relationships get broken down because of the patient. For instance, patients with borderline personality disorder tend to have unstable relationships which causes them to think about suicide and may attempt suicide.

This kind of psychological disorders is considered different in most societies. Some psychological disorders are even considered dangerous in some or most societies. This is mostly true for patients with antisocial personality disorder who don’t care about what other people may feel about their demeaning and violent actions. Some employers may have some traits of this personality disorder but these kinds of traits are used for the progress of the company which may also be dangerous to some affected people of this kind of power.

Personality disorder test

A personality disorder test is a kind of psychological test that measures the person’s degree of having the traits of one of the personality disorders. Psychological tests are available in some psychological centers. The client only needs to inquire from the general practitioner to refer the client to a licensed psychologist that can administer these kinds of tests. Most psychological tests in these centers may cost a lot because of the standardization of these tests and these tests will promise the client confidentiality.

The client can also take personality disorder tests online for free. The client can take tests on the Psycom website. The client should be warned that online tests are only screening tests which means that this test is not a thorough diagnostic assessment of a possible personality disorder. You can learn more about these kinds of tests by buying this book on this website.

Personality disorders list

Personality disorders have been existing since the term character is first defined. Although this concept has been described recently since most people aside from psychologists are fascinated by these psychological disorders as these are usually depicted in crime-fiction movies and books. These disorders are also considered as controversial since these disorders attack the person’s traits and making them feel that they are people who don’t deserve to be themselves but this understanding is not that accurate in most psychological research papers. Without further ado, here is the list of personality disorders as verified by the DSM 5 team of researchers in psychology.

  • Paranoid personality disorder
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Avoidant personality disorder
  • Schizoid personality disorder
  • Narcissistic personality disorder
  • Dependent personality disorder
  • Schizotypal personality disorder
  • Histrionic personality disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
  • Borderline personality disorder

Personality disorder anxiety

One personality disorder is referred to as an anxious personality disorder. An avoidant personality disorder is a kind of personality disorder that is described as the feeling of being socially anxious to people for fear of rejection. The patients who are suffering from this kind of personality disorder also have low self-esteem since they think that they are not worthy of having friends. This kind of personality disorder makes affected patients to avoid group activities in school and hanging out at parties at work or school.

This kind of personality disorder may happen to both men and women. Like other personality disorders, this kind of personality disorder can start appearing from infancy or early childhood to adulthood if it is not treated earlier. This kind of personality disorder inhibits early intervention since this kind of personality disorder cannot be diagnosed with children who are between the ages of 4-17. You can learn more about avoidant personality disorder by buying this book on this website.

List of personality disorders

Common features are indicated in the list of personality disorders that were mentioned before. These personality disorders are described as having negative behaviors that are considered deviant to the affected patient’s society. Some patients with specific personality disorders may isolate themselves from other people since their experiences tell them that these people are not tolerant of their beliefs and personalities. Most affected patients with some personality disorders tend to engage in abusive behaviors such as abusing alcohol in dealing with problems and threatening loved ones for personal gain.

Personality disorders definition

Personality disorders are part of the spectrum of psychological disorders where the affected patient may have a different approach and perspective to others and the world. This may make the affected patient seems like a person that doesn’t belong in the present society. This affected person may be ridiculed for having these kinds of psychological disorders. Most affected persons with personality disorders think that the world is wrong and these affected people are considered right.

This is part of the definition that personality disorders are psychological disorders that are considered dystonic. Dystonic means that the affected patient doesn’t know that he or she has a psychological disorder. This kind of not knowing came from the belief that the person knows what he or she is doing to another person. You can learn more about the psychological disorders that are considered dystonic by buying this book on this website.

Different personality disorders

Psychologists have recognized that there are different personality disorders. These personality disorders were given before. These were ten personality disorders that have been backed up by research on the controversial topic. These kinds of disorders tend to be controversial since some disorders are more inclined to the female sex while another personality disorder is inclined to the male sex.

Personality disorder definition

Personality disorder comes from the concept of personality which is a complex set of behaviors, experiences, attitudes, and other characteristics. This kind of disorder is ingrained from childhood towards adulthood. Sometimes, symptoms of personality disorders can be hidden as acceptable to society. For instance, the symptom of trying to get something from others for personal gain in antisocial personality disorder is a way of survival to a competitive society.

Some affected patients who know that they have this kind of disorder may become distressed about this part. This may make them feel worse about themselves which makes some of these patients to commit suicide. Some patients with a certain personality disorder tend to not seek therapy since they cannot see what’s wrong with them. This is true for patients who may have an antisocial personality disorder and patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Psychotic personality disorder

A personality disorder can also have psychotic symptoms. This is mostly true for schizotypal personality disorder. This kind of personality disorder is described as having strange beliefs and thoughts that describe the person’s personality such as behaviors, emotions, and thoughts. For instance, people with this disorder may influence people that doing a ritualistic behavior will make one’s prayers be answered by the Gods which makes most people avoid these people.

Personality disorder clusters

The clusters of personality disorders are three clusters. As mentioned before, these clusters are A, B, and C. Cluster A contains personality disorders that are classified as odd, eccentric, and strange. The disorders in this cluster can be associated with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. These disorders are characterized by psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations.

Cluster B includes personality disorders that are described as extremely emotional, exaggerating and attention-seeking. The disorders in this cluster are usually diagnosed when physical and behavioral manifestations are seen such as committing a heinous crime and suicidal attempts. Cluster C involves personality disorders that are considered as anxious and worrisome. An obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is part of this cluster that is considered as a flexible disorder since people who are diagnosed with this disorder are more highly educated and over-achieving in work and school.

Personality disorder symptoms

The symptoms of personality disorder are based on a kind of personality disorder. Most of these disorders have the symptoms of showing deviant behaviors in the present society, cannot work well with other people, may constitute a danger to oneself and others, and the patient may feel like being oneself is a natural to them and most patients aren’t aware that they are hurting people or themselves in having this personality. Usually, one or two symptoms differentiate between the types of personality disorders. For instance, histrionic personality disorder and narcissistic personality disorder has confused most psychology students.

This may be because these disorders have the attention-seeking symptom. The difference of histrionic personality disorder is that the attention is gained because the person wants to gain relationships. Patients with this disorder tend to have multiple romantic partners because of their need for closeness. The difference of narcissistic personality disorder is that attention-seeking is focused to show the power and self-importance from the patient and the lack of this self-importance may make the patient go through hazardous lengths to get the attention of his or her glorious self to other people.

Types of personality disorder

Types of disorder

Personality disorders are types of disorders in the psychological realm. This type focuses on the person’s structure of traits, behaviors, thoughts, and emotions that are considered negative to other people and the self. Some people have been known to carry these traits since they are always reinforced with these negative behaviors. For example, patients with a dependent personality disorder will keep being dependent since this trait can never let them go from loved ones.

Borderline personality disorder types

A borderline personality disorder is one type of personality disorder. This is described as having irregularity of emotions and unstable relationships. These patients tend to engage in suicidal attempts to fill their emptiness when a loved one leaves. Some patients may even use suicide attempts to bring the loved one back to him or her.

This can be seen as a manipulative method for these patients. Most patients with this disorder are manipulative. This is because they have seen these behaviors have worked before. This is why they are convinced in trying this behavior again to a new loved one.

Personality disorder traits

The traits of personality disorder are based on the type of disorder. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder has perfectionism and punctuality traits. In short, these patients may be seen as the perfect student or perfect employee. Some patients with this disorder can take a lot of time to finish projects because of being perfectionistic.

Common personality disorders

Common personality disorders are existing in most progressive countries. These common disorders are the personality disorders in Cluster C and personality disorders in Cluster B. This doesn’t mean that the person has the complete symptoms of these personality disorders. Most people have the traits of these disorders.

Some people are afraid of meeting new people because of fear of rejection. Some people can have narcissistic traits since some people believe that they should take care of themselves. Some people may have antisocial traits when they feel overwhelmed treating kindness to every person and these traits can help these people survive in a competitive world. People who may have dependent traits will use this to keep loved ones from straying away from them and can help them afloat with true companionship.

Paranoid personality disorder examples

Some conspiracy theorists are prone to having a paranoid personality disorder. This is because the suspiciousness needs to have evidence which they can secure from hacking through suspicious people and recording conversations from these people. This is a difference between this personality disorder from schizophrenia since the persecutory perceptions are not delusions in paranoid personality disorder. Most patients with this personality disorder are more inclined to find evidence for their suspicions to other people.

Types of personality disorder

Conclusion

A personality disorder is a kind of psychological disorder that is considered negative connotations in the person’s set of traits, characteristics, and behaviors. 10 types of personality disorders have been found based on clinical case studies and other psychological research papers. These 10 types have been divided into three clusters organized based on the similarity of symptoms of each disorder. You can comment below on your thoughts about personality disorders and you can share some experiences with people you think may have these disorders.

FAQ Questions

What is the most difficult personality disorder to treat?

The most difficult personality disorder to treat is a borderline personality disorder.

What is the best medication for a personality disorder?

There is no best medication for personality but there are medications to alleviate the symptoms of several personality disorders such as antidepressant medications, antipsychotic medications, and anti-anxiety medications.

What age does borderline personality disorder begin?

The age that borderline personality disorder begins after the age of 30.

When was personality disorder first diagnosed?

Personality disorder was first diagnosed in the 1980s.

Do borderlines have empathy?

Borderlines don’t have empathy but the feeling of dissociation from oneself is apparent in this disorder.

Citations

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Crown. (2017, October). Personality disorder. NHS. Retrieved from here.

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Friedel, R. O. (n. d.). Borderline Personality Disorder Demystified. Retrieved from here.

Harley Therapy. (2015, July). What is Histrionic Personality Disorder?. Retrieved from here.

Mental Health Foundation. (n. d.). Personality disorders. Retrieved from here.

Mental Health UK. (n. d.). Types of personality disorders. Retrieved from here.

Mind. (2016, August). Personality disorders. Retrieved from here.

NHS 24. (2019, July). Personality disorder. Retrieved from here.

Psycom. (2018, November). Borderline Personality Disorder. Retrieved from here.

Royal College of Psychiatrists. (n. d.). Personality disorder. Retrieved from here.

Time to Change. (n. d.). Personality disorders. Retrieved from here.

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