Psychotic (Complete guide)

Psychotic

In this brief article, we will be talking about psychotic episodes, the definition of psychosis, the mind in a psychotic state, and much more important information about being psychotic.

What is the experience of psychosis?

Psychosis is a state of mind where your reality is perceived differently in your senses that are different from what other people perceive.

If you are under this kind of state, you may be seen as someone who is losing touch from reality.

The most typical kinds of psychotic states are hallucinations, disorganised thinking and speech, and delusions.

This kind of state can impact people’s lives in different ways. 

A person may encounter psychosis once, some may feel it twice or thrice, while others experience this kind of state almost their whole lifetimes which can cause significant distress on their part.

The signs and symptoms of psychosis

The main signs and symptoms of people with psychosis are the following:

  • hallucinations – this is when the person’s senses catch on something that is not perceived and sensed by normal people. The most hallucination is auditory hallucinations or hallucinations in hearing. 
  • delusions – these symptoms are distorted beliefs about reality and the realism of this symptom is very far from the truth or somewhat the truth. The most popular kind of belief is believing someone is going to hurt a person. 

The interaction of hallucinations and delusions can create significant distress and dysfunction in an affected person’s life.

An affected person who is experiencing these psychotic symptoms is said to be experiencing a psychotic episode.

You can learn more about psychotic episodes by buying this book on this website.

Psychotic (Complete guide)

Psychotic hallucinations

As mentioned before, hallucinations are misperceived sensations following the five senses mentioned below.

  • sight – having visions of colours, people or shapes
  • sounds – hearing voices or other sounds
  • touch – perceive being touched when there is nobody there
  • smell – an odour that other people cannot smell or sense
  • taste – a taste when there is nothing in the mouth and tongue

Psychotic delusions

As mentioned before, delusion is a dysfunction of thinking that the truth is far from reality.

A person with paranoid delusions would think that there is someone after them because they might be involved in something.

A person with grandiose delusions would think that he or she has the authority of ruling over others or he or she is the most powerful.

For instance, an affected person would believe that he or she is the true president that has the power to bring the dead back to life.

Affected people who have these psychotic symptoms are often unaware or clueless that these symptoms are far from reality which can lead them to be dysfunctional in society and distressed about their thoughts.

You can learn more about delusions by buying this book on this website.

Psychotic (Complete guide)

Confused cognitions in a psychotic episode

People with psychosis can experience confused thinking patterns that are inherent in this disorder which come with delusions.

Signs of this kind of thinking pattern are the following:

  • fast and monotone speech
  • distorted speech – for instance, they may switch from one topic for a conversation to another mid-sentence
  • a sudden loss in their train of thought, becoming a sudden pause in conversation or activity

Postnatal psychotic episode

Postnatal psychosis is a chronic form of postnatal depression which is a psychological disorder that happens in pregnant mothers.

Statistics show that this kind of psychological disorder can happen in 1 of every 1,000 women in a population. 

Postnatal psychosis happens in the first few weeks after the birth of the baby.

This kind of psychological disorder can happen in women who are already susceptible to any kind of psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia.

Like the symptoms of psychotic disorders, the symptoms of postnatal psychosis can also include the dramatic changes in mood such as the following:

  • a high mood or mania 
  • a low mood or depression 

You need to contact a general practitioner immediately if you see someone or yourself to get immediate psychological intervention since postnatal psychosis can cause danger to oneself.

If you can’t get a general practitioner immediately, you can call NHS 111 or your local out-of-hours mental health service.

If you think there’s an imminent danger of harm to someone with a postnatal psychotic episode, you need to call 999 and ask for an ambulance.

Or you can use these self-help tips from this book which can be bought on this website.

Psychotic (Complete guide)

Types of psychotic episodes in abnormality

Some types of psychosis are brought on by the following psychotic disorders:

Brief psychotic disorder

Brief psychotic disorder or brief reactive psychosis can happen after a significant distressing event such as the death of a loved one.

People with this psychotic disorder will recover in the following days but this depends on what stressful event has caused this brief episode.

If you are suffering from a brief psychotic disorder, you can get some self-help tips in this book that can be bought on this website.

Psychotic (Complete guide)

Drug- or alcohol-related psychotic episode

Psychotic episodes can be manifested because of the use of drugs such as stimulants.

Hallucinogenic medications or LSD can cause hallucinations but this occurrence tends to be temporary. 

Some medications prescribed to patients can also cause psychotic symptoms such as steroids.

People who have addictions to drugs and alcohol also have these symptoms when they suddenly withdraw from these substances.

Organic psychosis

Brain trauma or a chronic illness can affect the brain which then creates psychotic symptoms in people that is called organic psychosis.

You can learn more about the experience of this psychosis by buying this book here.

Psychological disorders that have psychotic symptoms

Psychotic disorders can be elicited by stress, injury, drug or alcohol use or illness.

These kinds of disorders can also appear on their own in an affected person. 

The following psychological disorders can have psychotic symptoms as well:

Bipolar disorder

People with bipolar disorder are known for their apparent mood swings.

When these people are in their high mood, they can experience psychotic symptoms. 

These people will have grandiose delusions where they feel that they have powers that make them powerful among other people.

When these people’s mood are depressed, they will have delusions that other people are coming after them or they may have disorganized behaviours such as not taking care of their hygiene. 

Delusional disorder

People with a delusional disorder only have the psychotic symptom of delusions where they constantly believe in things that aren’t real.

Psychotic depression

Psychotic depression is a form of depression that has psychotic symptoms.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a kind of psychotic disorder that has lifelong psychotic symptoms which can cause the person a significant dysfunction and distress in a person’s life.

Causes of psychotic symptoms

The exact cause of each cause of psychosis isn’t always easy to track since there are a lot of causes.

Certain medical conditions can cause these kinds of symptoms. 

Other causes of these psychotic symptoms are lack of sleep, drug use, and other environmental factors.

Additionally, some situations can cause the manifestation of these kinds of symptoms.

Illnesses

Medical conditions that can cause psychotic symptoms are the following:

  • brain diseases such as Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and some chromosomal disorders
  • brain tumors or cysts

Some forms of neurocognitive disorders can also cause psychotic symptoms which are the following:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Syphilis, HIV, and other infections that attack the brain
  • some forms of epilepsy
  • Stroke

How is a psychotic disorder diagnosed by mental health professionals?

Psychosis is diagnosed by mental health professionals through a psychological assessment.

This can include mental health professionals interviewing and documenting the behaviours of these affected people. 

Medical tests and X-rays can help determine the organic causes of psychotic symptoms.

Diagnosing psychosis in children and teenagers

Psychotic symptoms in young people aren’t the same as those symptoms in adults.

For instance, the existence of imaginary friends in childhood. 

This activity is part of the imaginative play that is important in the development of children.

If you’re worried that your child might have psychotic symptoms, you can call your general practitioner and describe the symptoms that might indicate that your child has psychosis.

Treatment for people with psychotic disorders

Treating people with psychotic symptoms can have a combination of different psychological treatments.

Most affected people will have their symptoms reduced thanks to treatment.

Rapid tranquilization

Some people with psychotic disorders may cause harm in themselves or other people.

In this situation, mental health professionals need to calm down the affected patient. 

This is done through rapid tranquilization which will sedate the patient.

This is where the doctor will use an injection to calm the patient back to a stabilized demeanour.

Medication

Psychotic disorders can also be controlled by medications which are called antipsychotic medications.

These medications can reduce the occurrence of hallucinations and delusions. 

The prescribed antipsychotic medication will depend on the severity of the patient’s psychotic symptoms.

Most of the time, these medications are only used to provide short-term relief on people with these symptoms. 

Patients with schizophrenia are obligated to have these symptoms for life.

Cognitive behavioural therapy for psychotic symptoms

Cognitive-behavioural therapy can help people with psychotic symptoms to change their behaviours and distorted thoughts.

This therapy has been helpful for people who are having a hard time getting their bearings in order. 

Cognitive-behavioural therapy is great for psychotic symptoms that don’t get treated immediately due to medications.

Conclusion

In this brief article, we will be talking about psychotic episodes, the definition of psychosis, the mind in a psychotic state, and much more important information about being psychotic.

If you have any inquiries about the content on psychotic, please let us know and the team will accommodate by answering immediately.

FAQs: psychotic

Is a psychotic person dangerous?

A psychotic person can bring himself/herself to dangerous situations because of the symptoms of the disorder.

They tend to hear auditory hallucinations that may tell them to jump off from a bridge which can lead them to death. 

How long can psychosis last?

The psychosis can last from a day to several months.

People with a brief psychotic disorder have psychotic episodes for a day to a month.

While people with schizophrenia tend to have psychosis for more than 6 months.

What causes insanity?

Insanity can be caused by trauma, past abuses, early loss, negligence from the parent, and poor social skills.

These traumatic experiences can mak ea person experience a breakdown which can make him or her to lose their mind and themselves.

Can you die from psychosis?

You can’t die from this mental illness but if left untreated, this can bring the affected person to dangerous situations because of the illness.

As mentioned before, some symptoms of psychosis can make people kill themselves or go to dangerous situations that can kill them.

How can you tell if someone is mentally ill?

You can tell if someone is mentally ill when he or she is showing extreme sadness, confusion, excessive worries, abrupt mood changes, social withdrawal, and extreme fatigue.

This can also help them get identified and be referred to mental health services immediately.

Citations

Healthline. Psychosis.

MedlinePlus. Psychotic Disorders.

Mind. Psychosis.

NAMI. Early Psychosis And Psychosis.

NHS. Overview-Psychosis.

NHS. Symptoms-Psychosis.

Rethink Mental illness. What is psychosis?.

WebMD. Psychosis and Psychotic Episodes.

WebMD. What Is a Psychotic Disorder?.

Psychotic (Complete guide)

Juanita Agboola

Juanita Agboola is the editor in chief of HFNE and an expert in mental health online. She has been writing about online behavior, mental health and psychology issues since 2012. All Guides are reviewed by our editorial team which constitutes various clinical psychologists, PhD and PsyD colleagues.