PMDD(premenstrual dysphoric disorder)

PMDD(premenstrual dysphoric disorder)
JuanitaHFNE

Juanita Agboola is the editor in chief of HFNE and an expert in mental health online. She has been writing about online behaviour, mental health and psychology issues since 2012. All Guides are reviewed by our editorial team which constitutes various clinical psychologists, PhD and PsyD colleagues.

This guide will be information about the premenstrual dysphoric disorder which will be backed up with topics such as the definition of premenstrual dysphoric disorder, the meaning of dysphoria, the symptoms of this kind of psychological disorder, the association of this kind of disorder to depression, severe symptoms of the premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and premenstrual syndrome.

PMDD

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a kind of mood disorder that is described as extreme mood before the appearance of menstruation. In this case, this kind of mood disorder is only diagnosed with female patients. This diagnosis was made when some female patients were affected by some mood dysfunctions in the midst of their monthly menstrual cycle. This kind of diagnosis has been dubbed controversial because this is the only diagnosis that is only exclusive for females.

Psychologists did not mean for this kind of assumption. This kind of diagnosis was made when psychologists found that some female patients were distressed about these irregular moods and physical symptoms that appear during menstruation and getting the right diagnosis is scheduled for the right treatment. Some physical and psychological symptoms are characteristic of this kind of mood disorder. These kinds of symptoms must cause distress, danger, and dysfunction in the female patient to make this kind of diagnosis.

Dysphoric premenstrual disorder

The premenstrual dysphoric disorder is considered as a severe form of PMS. This kind of mood disorder can cause dysfunction in the patient’s life since the symptoms of this kind of mood disorder can make a female to not move at all due to the chronic pain. Most patients with this kind of mood disorder will have symptoms in the duration of 3 weeks. The symptoms of this kind of mood disorder can happen before the female patient has menstruation.

Patients will experience depressive symptoms in this kind of mood disorder. Some patients can have suicidal ideation and attempts during the duration of this kind of mood disorder. Some psychologists have found that this kind of mood disorder tends to be misdiagnosed to female patients who are showing some symptoms of this kind of mood disorder. You can learn more about the experience of this kind of mood disorder by buying this book on this website.

PMDD(premenstrual dysphoric disorder)

Dysphoria

Dysphoria is the feeling of severe unhappiness. This is why this kind of mood disorder is named with this word. Patients who are suffering from the premenstrual dysphoric disorder have depressive symptoms in the course of this kind of mood disorder. Depressive symptoms that can be seen in patients with this kind of mood disorder are suicidal ideation and attempts, extreme guilty feelings, feelings of helplessness, feelings of hopelessness, changes in sleeping habits, changes in eating habits, and loss of pleasure in engaging in favourite activities.

These affected patients tend to not eat much since menstruation and this mood disorder combined can create pain in the female’s stomach. Some patients may even feel more anxious than before they had this kind of mood disorder. These affected patients tend to feel hopeless about getting rid of this kind of mood disorder. These affected patients may even blame themselves for having this kind of mood disorder in the first place.

PMDD symptoms

The symptoms of the premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) are similar to the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome is a kind of condition in females when they feel strange physical symptoms before the menstrual cycle begins. The premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a kind of mood disorder that has included depressive symptoms that have caused distress upon the female patient in the duration of the premenstrual syndrome. The depressive symptoms of this kind of mood disorder can make the affected female patient kill themselves accidentally since the physical and emotional symptoms can make the affected female patient to not think carefully about the decisions they will make.

Some patients may not have all these symptoms of this kind of mood disorder. Some patients may only have the mental symptoms of this kind of mood disorder. Other female patients may only have the physical symptoms of this kind of mood disorder. Here are the symptoms of this kind of mood disorder. 

  • Swelling of breasts
  • Finding less critical interpersonal problems to be severely stressful
  • Excessive crying
  • Feelings of heavy emotional load
  • May have thought that they are getting fat 
PMDD(premenstrual dysphoric disorder)

Severe PMS

Severe premenstrual syndrome is another term called for the premenstrual dysphoric disorder. This kind of syndrome may have physical and emotional symptoms that can happen before the female’s menstrual cycle. Emotional symptoms of this kind of syndrome are irritability, extreme sadness, intense anger, and persistent anxiety. This kind of syndrome happens when the ovulation of a female’s egg occurs in the middle of the female’s menstrual cycle.

A major shift in the hormones involved in this process can make the female experience physical and emotional symptoms. This endocrine process can also affect the female’s serotonin levels which can cause the depressive symptoms in this kind of severe premenstrual syndrome. Strange food cravings can be seen by these affected female patients since this is an effect of the low serotonin levels. You can learn more about this kind of syndrome by buying this book on this website.

What is PMDD

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is categorized under the group of mood disorders in the manual for psychological disorders. 3% to 8% of female patients have this kind of mood disorder. This kind of mood disorder is affected by the sensitivity of the female patient to a hormone imbalance in the menstrual cycle. The ovulation process of the menstrual cycle is a normal process but the female patient can experience depressive symptoms if the hormone imbalance may be too much for the female’s body and may damage the female’s serotonin levels which cause this kind of mood disorder. The time of the ovulation process is a risk factor of the female to have this kind of mood disorder.

The female patient will also be asked by the psychologist if she had problems with her thyroid. This is because this kind of mood disorder is possible if the female patient had thyroid disorders. This kind of mood disorder can be passed on through first-degree relatives who also have this kind of mood disorder. Female patients who had mothers who have this kind of mood disorder are more likely to have this kind of mood disorder themselves.

PMDD NHS

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder in female patients is seen by the NHS service to need the prescribed medications needed to relieve the symptoms of this kind of mood disorder. Researchers have found that female patients with this kind of mood disorder had a common gene which may have caused the appearance of this kind of mood disorder in a female patient. This specific group of genes are ESC/E(Z) complex genes. The genetic heritability of this kind of mood disorder in female patients is still debated by researchers since there is still no evidence if this genetic heritability can directly cause this kind of mood disorder to these patients.

Researchers have even concluded that treatment for this kind of mood disorder is yet to be found. Female patients who are diagnosed with this kind of mood disorder can take medications that are considered as hormone blockers. These kinds of medications can help these affected female patients to get temporary relief for the symptoms of this kind of mood disorder. If you are female, you can reduce the feelings of these hormones by buying this book on this website

Premenstrual syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome is a series of symptoms and signs that can happen during a female’s menstrual cycle. These symptoms are mental while the signs of this kind of syndrome is physical. Female patients who have this kind of mood disorder tend to withdraw from people. This can worry loved ones who find the odd behaviour of the female patient to be quite rude to loved ones since they might not know what is going on.

Female patients with this kind of mood disorder will admit that they feel that they couldn’t function well in important areas in life such as work or school. These affected patients can feel that they may hurt their family members due to their unexplained irritability. Emotional symptoms tend to stem from the hormone imbalance of these affected patients. You can learn more about the symptoms of this kind of syndrome by buying this book on this website.

PMDD(premenstrual dysphoric disorder)

PMT and depression

Depression and PMS can occur together since this kind of mood disorder are triggered by the hormonal imbalance in the female patient. These affected female patients can have symptoms of this kind of mood disorder but not all the symptoms. Physical symptoms can also manifest in these affected female patients but these symptoms are caused by the appearance of this kind of syndrome. The affected female patients can have suicidal feelings and suicidal attempts in the course of this kind of syndrome.

This is because the emotional symptoms of the hormonal imbalance can’t be easily controlled by these affected female patients. This made these kinds of symptoms considered to the label of this kind of mood disorder. These affected female patients may have unusual food cravings that loved ones may feel uncomfortable with this sudden change of these female patients’ behaviours. These affected female patients may not feel like doing their favourite activities since they feel no pleasure when they are doing these activities in the middle of this kind of syndrome.

Severe PMS symptoms

The severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is considered to be premenstrual dysphoric disorder. This kind of mood disorder is very severe that immediate treatment must be sought by these affected female patients. This kind of mood disorder can even happen in the affected female patient’s menopause. Rare and common symptoms are manifested by affected female patients when having this kind of mood disorder.

Affected female patients may feel that they are more emotionally sensitive than before they have this kind of mood disorder. This makes them manifest irritability to normal stresses by loved ones such as who’s turn is to wash the dishes and this conflict will make them extremely angry even when the speaker was just speaking normally. These affected female patients may even feel paranoid when they are undergoing this kind of mood disorder. The symptoms of this kind of mood disorder can be alleviated if the affected female patient can smell this oil that can be bought on this website.

PMDD(premenstrual dysphoric disorder)

Premenstrual symptoms

Premenstrual syndrome is more common in women than a premenstrual dysphoric disorder. This kind of syndrome can also affect the female patient’s daily life and how they can manage the symptoms of this kind of syndrome. This kind of syndrome can happen to female patients who have some risk factors that may have caused the appearance of this syndrome. These risk factors are the female patient’s history of depression, a family background of this kind of syndrome, a family background of depression, dysfunctional domestic background, history of substance abuse, traumatic physical abuse, and emotional abuse. 

Female patients with a family background of depression tend to be more likely to show symptoms of this kind of mood disorder than females who have no such family history. Abusive relationships can also trigger these symptoms in female patients. A female patient who has been addictive of substances can trigger the effects of the hormonal imbalance in these female patients. Here are other symptoms of this syndrome.

  • Problems indigestion
  • Extreme sensitivity to light and sound
  • Excessive emotional outbursts
  • Heavy bouts of low energy
  • Pain in the abdominal area

PMT period

Premenstrual tension is another term for premenstrual syndrome. This syndrome can have mild or severe symptoms in affected female patients depending on the patient’s susceptibility to this syndrome. This syndrome is more common in women who have had children. This syndrome happens in the 7-14 days before the female patient’s menstrual cycles.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder treatment

Different kinds of treatment are used to treat the symptoms of the premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Medications can be used to alleviate the depressive symptoms of this kind of mood disorder. Antidepressant medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are effective in relieving the symptoms of depression in this mood disorder. Birth control pills are also effective in treating the symptoms of this mood disorder.

Psychotherapies are also effective in treating this mood disorder. Cognitive-behavioural therapy can change the negative behaviour and cognitions of female patients with this mood disorder. Surgical removal of the ovaries is also effective for female patients with this mood disorder but this can mean the female patient’s disability to get married. Meditational practices can be helpful for female patients who have this mood disorder.

PMDD meaning

The meaning of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a mood disorder that is characterized by physical and emotional symptoms that happen before and during a woman’s menstrual cycle. Females who have this disorder tend to get irritated easily due to the pain of the start of the menstrual cycle. These females may say something horrible to loved ones but this only happened due to their unstable mood state. These females also suffer from physical symptoms such as tenderness of the breast.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms

The symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder usually show up the week before the female start her period and last until a few days after this period begins. Most of the time, these symptoms are severe and debilitating and they can keep women from daily activities. If the woman has any symptoms of this disorder, she should see the doctor. The symptoms of this disorder are so severe that women have trouble functioning at home, at work, and in relationships during this time. 

These symptoms must be markedly different than at other times during the month. The symptoms of this disorder may look like other conditions or medical problems such as a thyroid condition, depression, or an anxiety disorder. This disorder is different from a premenstrual syndrome which may also have symptoms of this disorder but this disorder has more emotional and behavioural symptoms than the syndrome. Here are some of the symptoms of this disorder.

  • Mood swings
  • Depression or feelings of hopelessness
  • Anxiety or tension
  • Acne that is caused by menstruation
  • Fainting problems

P m s

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the name given to a set of symptoms that a woman can get in the days or weeks before her monthly period. Nine out of 10 women notice specific symptoms before their menstrual periods such as bloating, tender breasts, and headaches. Mild symptoms of this syndrome can be uncomfortable but won’t affect a woman’s daily activities. If the woman has more severe symptoms, these symptoms can have a huge impact on her work and social life.

Psychological symptoms can be found in women who have this syndrome. These symptoms can range from feeling irritable, extremely angry, and depressed. Suicidal feelings have been reported in the course of this syndrome. This can cause the woman to do suicidal attempts that are only caused by the severity of this syndrome.

Severe PMT

The symptoms of the premenstrual dysphoric disorder are more severe than those seen with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). This syndrome refers to a wide range of physical or emotional symptoms that most often occur about 5 to 11 days before a woman starts her monthly menstrual cycle. In most cases of this syndrome, the symptoms stop when or shortly after her period begins. The premenstrual dysphoric disorder affects a small number of women during the years when they are having menstrual periods.

Pre menstrual syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) has a wide range of signs and symptoms such as mood swings, tender breasts, food cravings, fatigue, irritability, and depression. It has been estimated that as many as 3 of every 4 menstruating women have experienced some form of this syndrome. The symptoms of this syndrome tend to recur in a predictable pattern. For some women, these symptoms are so severe that they miss work or school but other women are not bothered by milder symptoms of this syndrome. 

On average, women in their 30s are most likely to have this syndrome. Women with this syndrome deal with the symptoms of this syndrome in lots of ways. Women can make changes to improve their diet, sleep, and exercise. Women can also learn methods to relax their mind and body. 

PMS disorder

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) disorder is similar to the physical symptoms of the premenstrual dysphoric disorder. The only difference is that this syndrome does not include the depressive symptoms in PMDD. This syndrome tends to be relieved through medications. This syndrome is a prejudiced belief about women in the previous years which is still manifested today.

Conclusion

The premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a mood disorder that only happens in women which are characterized by physical and psychological symptoms that occur during the woman’s menstrual cycles. Hormonal imbalances may be the primary causes of this disorder. This disorder is considered as the severe form of premenstrual syndrome. You can comment below on your thoughts about this disorder and what you believe you can do if you are facing this disorder by yourself or helping others with this disorder.

FAQ Questions

How do you test for PMDD?

You can test for PMDD by checking if you may have some symptoms of this disorder, your medical history will be inquired and studied by your doctor, and you will take a physical examination.

What vitamins should I take for PMDD?

The vitamins that you should take for PMDD are calcium, magnesium, and vitamin E.

Does PMDD cause weight gain?

PMDD causes weight gain since this is a normal physical symptom during the menstrual cycle.

What foods help PMDD?

The foods that help PMDD are non-salty foods, fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, nuts, and foods with whole grains.

Which birth control pill is best for PMDD?

The birth control pill that is best for PMDD is drospirenone.

Citations

Bupa UK. (n. d.). Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Retrieved from here.

Cambridge University Press. (2020). Dysphoria. Retrieved from here.

Everett, L. (2017, May). You think your PMS is bad? Try living with PMDD. BBC. Retrieved from here.

Harding, M. (2018, March). Premenstrual Syndrome. Patient. Retrieved from here.

Kapp, C., MD. (2016, August). PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome). Healthline. Retrieved from here.

Mind. (2017, September). Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Retrieved from here.

NHS website. (2017, January). Does discovery of ‘severe PMS genes’ offer hope of a cure?. Retrieved from here.Sweeney, E. (2020, January). What Is PMDD-And How Is It Different From PMS?. Parade. Retrieved from here.

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