Personality Disorder Test (3 mins)

Personality Disorder Test
Halima Qureshi

Halima S. Qureshi is a practising Clinical Psychologist for the last 5 years, as well as the founding member of Counseling Center in one of the acclaimed Universities of Pakistan. She deals in psychological disorders especially related to early adulthood and adulthood. She is well versed in the field with more than 4 years of teaching and research experience in the field of Psychology. Currently, she is doing her Doctorate in Clinical Psychology and she is developing Intervention and working with Cognitive Behavior Hypnotherapy for Non-Suicidal Self Injury disorder a newly recognized disorder in DSM 5. Her therapeutic expertise is in Cognitive Behavior Therapy, as well as she is Master Practitioner of Neurolinguistics Programming (NLP) from NFNLP, USA.

In this personality disorder test, the individual will be screened for the personality disorders category, as per criteria given in DSM 5. There are a number of personality disorders in DSM 5, this test will screen for the general categorization for personality disorder. This brief test can only be used for self-assessment and cannot replace the formal assessment.

Personality disorder test

Instructions to Follow

Please make sure to answer each statement below to get accurate results. The question items ask about daily life activities.

1. Do you behave in a persistent pattern of behaviour which is not according to your cultural values, and disturbance is experienced in thoughts or emotions or in relationship with other people, or impulsivity?

 

2. This behaviour is consistent in different personal and social situations

 

3. This condition affects the other areas of functioning as work, academics, or personal life

 

4. This pattern of behaviour emerged in early adulthood or teenage

 

5. I do not experience these symptoms in the presence of any drug or substance use

 



Final Result :

What are Personality Disorders

A person with a personality disorder thinks, feels, and behaves differently. There are several different types of personality disorders clustered into different categories on the basis of their characteristics.

A personality disorder is a persistent pattern of behaving and feeling, which is altered. Initially in DSM IV, personality disorder used to be diagnosed on Axis-II, but in DSM 5 (2013), the axial system has been changed and now single diagnosis with co-occurring symptoms use to be given.

Symptoms of Personality Disorder

There are a number of different personality disorders, such as the cluster A is categorized as suspicious, delusional, not interested in social interactions or not having social skills to maintain the social relationships, as well as inability to consider the consequences of their actions and lead towards illegal, and risky behaviour.

Similarly, Cluster B is categorized on the basis of dramatic symptoms. The person experiencing cluster B personality condition will report feelings of emptiness, self-harm incidents or multiple failed suicide attempts, overly impressionistic, having fragile self-esteem, and excessively praising oneself in situations.

Whereas, Cluster C, is categorized on the basis of anxious symptoms. They are sometimes overly clingy to another person, are overly concerned with order, or tries to avoid social situations because of fear of criticism.

Diagnostic Criteria of Personality Disorder

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder 5 (2013), has given the criteria for the personality disorder diagnosis, the overview of that criteria are given below:

A.     It is the enduring pattern and persistent pattern of behaviour which is not according to the particular culture the person is living. This disturbing pattern is manifested in either, cognition, affectivity, interpersonal relationships or spontaneity.

B.     This pattern of behaviour is constant over time and prevail in a number of personal or social situations.

C.      The condition is affecting other areas of a person’s functioning such as work, academics, personal life etc.

D.     The pattern of behaviour became more consistent and spans over the course of years, as well as it appeared in teenage or young adulthood.

E.      The condition is not the symptom of any other mental disorder

F.      The condition and symptoms are not because of the impact of drug or substance and medical condition.

Types of Personality Disorder

The personality disorders are clustered into three:

Cluster A: Odd, Eccentric

In this cluster there are three disorders named:

1.      Paranoid Personality Disorder

2.      Schizoid Personality Disorder

3.      Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Cluster B: Dramatic, or Unpredictable

1.      Antisocial Personality Disorder

2.      Borderline Personality Disorder

3.      Histrionic Personality Disorder

4.      Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Cluster C: Anxious, or Fearful

1.      Avoidant Personality Disorder

2.      Dependent Personality Disorder

3.      Obsessive Personality Disorder

Now we will go into detail of all the nine disorders in each cluster:

Cluster A

1.     Paranoid Personality Disorder:

In the paranoid personality disorder, it will be difficult for the person to put trust into others, they are always suspicious, and thinks that others are taking advantage of them. They keep an eye on the actions of others and keenly monitor the signs of mistrust and cheating. They are quick in reading the danger signs and reacts immediately which are hard for others to notice.

2.     Schizoid Personality Disorder

In the schizoid personality disorder, person losses interest in forming and maintaining relationships with other people, including their own family. They consider relationships as intervening and prefer freedom. They want to be immersed in their own thoughts and unable to enjoy life. They are not interested in romantic relationships and feels emotionally aloof of others feelings and emotions.

3.     Schizotypal Personality Disorder

In schizotypal personality disorder, the person experiencing the symptoms will go through a hard time in developing relationships, they are unable to form close relationships. It is difficult for them to express themselves. They behave in an odd manner which makes others fearful of themselves, they also feel anxiousness about others who are not able to understand them. They consider themselves to have extraordinary sense and claim to understand what anyone else is thinking.

Cluster B

1.     Antisocial Personality Disorder

A person with antisocial personality disorder use to be reckless, dangerous and unable to think about the consequences of their actions. They are dangerous, aggressive and gets easily bored. They have no feeling of guilt or remorse. They consider whatever they value is an opportunity and they have to avail it, no matter if they are hurting the feelings of others. For the diagnosis of antisocial disorder, the age must be 18 years or older, as before the age of 18 years these symptoms are diagnosed as conduct disorder if happening before 15 years of age.

2.     Borderline Personality Disorder

They are dramatic and think as other people are leaving them, they have an extreme feeling of emptiness, having intense emotions that last for a few days and then vanish. They have weak self-esteem, as well as it is difficult for them to maintain stable relationships, they are driven by impulses and exercise self-harm or attempt suicide mostly for the purpose to seek attention. They feel lonely at times and experience extreme anger. Sometimes they also report experiencing the psychotic features.

3.     Histrionic Personality Disorder

People with histrionic personality disorder are overly impressionistic, attention-seeking by their exaggerated dramatized body language, accent, or appearance. They are selfish and consider themselves before anyone else. They require a lot of admiration and approval from others. They try to keep everyone entertained and try to remain in the centre.

4.     Narcissistic Personality Disorder

They consider themselves to be superior than others. They consider as they are special and more deserving than the others. They have fragile self-esteem, as well as depend on others to acknowledge their importance and value. They are selfish and think about themselves, tries to take benefit from others, and feels sad about the achievements of others.

Cluster C

1.     Avoidant Personality Disorder

In this condition, the person tries to escape social situations and avoid activities where others are involved. They avoid work, social activities, ad sensitive to criticism. They remain in the fear of being pointed out and shamed. They feel embarrassed about the slightest events, as well as they try to avoid making relationships and friendships, they feel lonely and dissatisfied with life.

2.     Dependent Personality Disorder

In the dependent personality disorder, a person is overly clingy to any attachment figure. They feel compelled and requires someone to be attached to. They feel as weak and unable to do anything if deserted. They have low self-esteem, as well as they believe that others are good at things then they are, they are submissive and passive.

3.     Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

They set unrealistic goals, demand order and control. They consider their plan of action as perfect and things are required to follow that order, they are reluctant to spend money, and are worried for others if they will make the mistakes.

Description regarding the Personality Disorder Test

This personality disorder test is formulated on the criteria given in DSM 5, as well as the clinical interview of mental health professional. This test is for screening purpose only and cannot be considered diagnostic.

This test will suggest on the basis of your results, either you need professional help or not.

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Personality Disorder Test (3 mins)