In this blog, we will go through the etiology, symptoms and treatments of Kosmikophobia.
Kosmikophobia is the irrational fear of cosmic phenomena that are constantly taking place in our galaxy. Cosmic phenomena include moving stars, asteroid impacts, high energy solar flares, gamma ray bursts, eclipses and SuperNovas.The cosmic phenomena include all superNova and the solar flares. Asteroid impact is one of the leading fears that people who suffer from Kosmikophobia.
The person who suffers from Kosmikophobia suffers a panic attack when he thinks of the cosmic powers that overwhelm the Universe. These activities are taking place out there in the Galaxy, but the fear of their impact is felt by the Kosmikophobe.
Whenever a solar or lunar eclipse takes place the person suffering from Kosmikophobia will be on the edge till it ends or he/she will hide inside their rooms or houses, refusing to come out till the eclipse ends. The impact with the Earth or the effect these will have on our planet is the main source of dread.
Kosmikophobia is an intense fear of the cosmic phenomena. Kosmikophobes isolate themselves from societies and people and keep a vigilant eye on the sky for incoming objects heading towards the Earth. They are always on their haunches for cosmic events that might pose danger to Earth and its inhabitants.
Symptoms of Kosmikophobia
Different people display the symptoms of the same phobia differently; with varying degrees of severity. There are two types of symptoms; Physical symptoms and Psychological symptoms.
The Physical Symptoms include those that involve changes in the bodily sensations and are felt by the sufferer. Examples are:-
- rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
- Sweating and trembling
- dry mouth
- raised blood pressure
The Psychological Symptoms include those that impinge on the mind and are visible through a person’s behavior. Examples are:-
- feelings of dread at the sight of images of cosmic phenomena
- fear of dying
- fear of losing control
- fear of harm caused by extra terrestrial beings
- fear of dread at the thought of space and celestial bodies
- feeling of helplessness
Causes of Kosmikophobia
Kosmikophobia may be caused due to the following factors:-
- Genetic Predisposition
Every person has a genetic tendency to contract a disease or go through a mental illness. This predisposition is embedded in our DNA and is handed down to us over the generations. If the person’s ancestors suffered from anxiety disorders, phobias, mental illness or even Kosmikophobia, then chances are higher for him/her to suffer from the same or from either of these.
Phobias are familial and most often than not run in families. Their intensity may vary from person to person, from one relative to the other.
- Biological Cause
Hormones play an important role in causing anxiety disorders, specifically phobias as well. Thyroid Stimulating Hormones (TSH) is directly related to the etiology of anxiety related problems that occur. Symptoms that indicate a Thyroid malfunctioning are:
- Changes in menstrual cycle
- Nervous demeanor
- Losing or gaining weight
Low levels of Testosterone (male hormone) can also lead to anxiety. Serotonin, is also called a happy chemical and depletion of this hormone can also cause anxieties of varying levels.
Dopamine, the ‘feel good’ chemical or neurotransmitter is involved in happiness and a state of elatedness. When the levels of Dopamine drop anxiety and a feeling of dread become a common forte.
Adrenaline rush is another biological factor that emanates the ‘flight or the fight’ response. This response is triggered when the brain suffers from a threat. This threat may be caused by a stimulus that causes anxiety. This stimulus is the very stimulus that initiates a phobia fear. In the case of Kosmikphobia, this stimulus will be the cosmic phenomena.
- Behavioral Cause
Children learn behaviors and attitudes from people around them. These people may be their parents, siblings, extended family members like uncles or aunts, grandparents or any significant others they are attached to.
In Kosmikophobia it is often found that if a member of the family or peer group is scared of cosmic phenomena, chances are higher that the child will also develop Kosmikophobia.
There are families who do not like to travel away from home and stay around their neighbourhoods, fearing a disaster to strike at any time in space. These people have a high probability of raising kids who will suffer from Kosmikophobia.
- Media, Literature & Facts
Watching Science fiction movies showing cosmic phenomena as dangerous aids in developing Kosmikophobia. Movies like ‘The Martian’, ‘Deep Impact’, ‘Armageddon’ and the ‘Star Trek’ series have played a pivotal role in developing Kosmikophobia.
Numerous books are available telling stories of how the Earth is destroyed due to the natural cosmic phenomena. These tend to feed into the fear that everyone has; a fear of being extinct. This fear is elaborated with such stories, movies and Science based programs that provide facts on what is going on in the atmosphere or the Universe around us.
Therapeutic Interventions for Kosmikophobia
Phobias can be treated through a variety of therapeutic interventions. a) Systematic Desensitization b) Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) c) Neuro Linguistic Program (NLP) d) Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction MBSR) d) meditation e) medication
- Systematic Desensitization
This is one of the most common therapies used in treating phobias and an effective way to desensitize the person suffering from phobia. In this therapy the client with phobia is exposed to the stimulus gradually with varying degrees of severity, varying durations of time. The degree of severity is hierarchical, ranging from low to high. Every time the ‘exposure’ of the feared stimulus is increased.
In Kosmikophobia the client is exposed to images of cosmic phenomena first. For the fear to be invoked during therapy, the patient must be exposed to an intense stimulus (one that is feared). The aim of Systematic Desensitization is to remove the ‘feared stimulus’ and substitute it with a ‘relaxation response.’
Initially a relaxation technique that involves deep breathing is taught to the client. Then the client is asked to present a list that has a hierarchical presentation of his fears, starting from the least fear evoking situation to the most.
The therapist takes the client through these situations via two methods:
a) In vitro – where the feared stimulus is made to imagine
b) In vivo – where the client visits the the feared place in reality
The exposure to the phobic stimulus is of varying durations, where the client exercises relaxation techniques and can revert to a previous non-threatening situation any time.
- Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
In CBT the therapist helps the client to amend his thoughts so that a desirable behavior can be achieved. This therapy is effective, because if the thoughts or cognitions alter then there will be a lasting impact on behavior.
The therapist helps the client to discover the reason for this thought and behavior that follows. This therapy is goal oriented and short termed. Therefore, the results are seen soon. It changes the way a person thinks and feels. CBT does not focus on probing the past to resolve current problems, rather it concentrates on the present situation.
Our thoughts determine how we act or react to certain stimuli and situations. Therefore, negative thoughts bring about a negative behavior response or an undesirable behavior. Whereas, positive thoughts propagate desirable and healthy attitude and response.
The therapist separates the problem into parts. These may include: thoughts, feelings and actions.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is a form of CBT and designed by Albert Ellis. According to Ellis, “people are not disturbed by things but rather by their view of things.” This is what subjective perspective is.
c) Neuro Linguistic Program (NLP)
In this therapy the client is asked to
- Access the phobia in a safe environment.
- Help them to replay the phobia along with happy emotions.
- Disassociate from the phobia.
d) Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)
MBSR involves being aware of one’s own thoughts, feelings and reducing the interference from around the environment. We do not pay attention to how we process the various stimuli that affect us. We do not process the way our bodies feel and respond, there is no focus on our thoughts and how these thoughts are influencing our emotions.
In MBSR, the client is ‘woken up’ to actually experience the various senses. ‘Focus’ is the keyword!
Alters the emotional attachment one has to his/her thoughts. This attachment is actually the root cause of Kosmikophobia and other phobias as well. Meditation helps to disconnect and is by far the quickest, most effective way to do this. Meditation helps one to detach their thoughts from the emotional content of the phobia.
Meditation helps you to alleviate all irrational thoughts. Relaxation and maintaining focus gives one the strength to press into the phobic fear and gain access so that it can be eroded, session by session.
e) Group Therapy
Group Therapy is one of the most effective treatments available for phobias. In this the client does not find himself as a lone sufferer. These groups are individuals who are afflicted with the same types of phobias or anxieties. They come together to share their thoughts, experiences and their coping mechanisms. This also helps in developing a ‘sense of I am not the only one’ suffering.
f) Routine Modification
The person suffering from Kosmikophobia is advised to alter his daily routine and bring about a change. The change is always considered to be a healthy way of dealing with stress and phobias in particular.
- Adopt a walking regimen
- Induct exercise on a daily basis
- Alter eating and drinking habits, especially cutting down on caffeine intake
- Improving the sleep cycle
There are a number of medicines that the Psychiatrist can prescribe if the symptoms of Kosmikophobia are severe and hinder the daily activities of the sufferer.
- Anxiolytics (anti-anxiety drugs)
These should only be taken after the consultation with the doctor and shouldn’t be initiated or discontinued as per personal discretion.
These medicines are not only used to treat depression, but also to alleviate the symptoms of Kosmikophobia as well as other phobias. Medicines alone might not be as effective, but if used in conjunction with therapies then the results will be better.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are cosmic phenomena?
Cosmic phenomena are naturally occurring events that take place in space. These occur due to the vacuum in the space.
Is Kosmikophobia related to Spacephobia?
Yes, Kosmikophobia may or may not occur with Spacephobia.
Is meditation more effective than CBT?
Meditation and CBT are equally effective for the treatment of Kosmikophobia.
What is a SuperNova?
SuperNova is a luminous powerful stellar explosion. In common words, the star increases in brightness due to a catastrophic explosion.
How are eclipses caused?
When the moon while orbiting the Earth, comes in between the Earth and the Sun, an eclipse occurs.
Below is a complete list of all Phobias which we currently cover.
Titles to Read
- A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking
- Cosmic Philosophy: A Month in the Light by Adam Roa
- How To Treat Anxiety With Meditation, not Medication by Dan Coffey
- Overcoming Anxiety: How to Treat Anxiety Disorder and Overcome Anxiety for Life by Susan Belgwin
- The Miracle of Mindfulness: An Introduction to the Practice of Meditation by Thich Nhat Hanh, Vo-Dihn Mai, et al.