Hypomania (A complete guide)

Hypomania
JuanitaHFNE

Juanita Agboola is the editor in chief of HFNE and an expert in mental health online. She has been writing about online behaviour, mental health and psychology issues since 2012. All Guides are reviewed by our editorial team which constitutes various clinical psychologists, PhD and PsyD colleagues.

This blog will be talking about the definition of hypomania, the definition of mania, the contents of a manic episode, the symptoms of mania, the symptoms of hypomania, manic behaviour, mania in bipolar disorder, signs of mania, the difference between mania and hypomania, the behaviour when in mania, and the treatment for these episodes.

Hypomania

Hypomania is a mood episode where the symptoms of mania apply but this episode makes the patient more productive than that made by mania. This episode tends to last for only a few days, such as four days. This episode allows the person to be more proactive in life and doesn’t seem to show a mental disorder unless the patient has been considered to be an opposite character to this mood such as introversion.

This kind of episode is a symptom of bipolar II disorder. Bipolar II disorder is a mood disorder that is characterized by at least one hypomanic episode and one depressive episode. The hypomanic episode has the symptoms of a manic episode where the person is excessively euphoric. The patient will also feel like they can do anything and will apply to many activities but without delusions and hallucinations in a manic episode.

Mania

Mania is a mood episode that is described as an overjoyed mood where the patient may feel that he/she has boundless energy. Mania is a symptom of bipolar I disorder. Bipolar I disorder is a mood disorder where the diagnosis will only be met when the patient has experienced at least one manic episode and a depressive episode. As mentioned before, mania has similar symptoms of hypomania but without risk-taking behaviours and psychotic symptoms of a manic episode.

A manic episode can make a person believe that he/she can do anything without the need to know about restrictions and limitations of the person. The person believes that he/she is a hero where there is no feeling of weakness. The person may also be described as someone in a happy mood but this mood is not a normal expression of happiness. The person may also engage in risky behaviours such as casual sex encounters, over-spending in malls, get into fights with street gangs, and jump on a running vehicle in the course of a manic episode.

Manic

A manic episode is another name for an episode of mania. Manic depression was the name before the bipolar disorder was made the name of this mental disorder. Manic episodes make patients have racing thoughts and fast speech. This can make listeners of the affected patients be annoyed and interrupt the patient from their fast conversation.

This may make patients get irritable about the listener’s disenchanted response. A manic episode can make a person highly optimistic. This kind of episode can also make the person have high self-confidence in his/her abilities and this confidence was not formidable in the person’s character. You can learn more about manic episodes by buying this book on this website.

Hypomania (A complete guide)

Manic episode

A manic episode is a mood episode that is characterized by a happy and excited mood. This kind of episode may make the affected patient to not being able to function properly in life. This is because this kind of episode includes the symptom of risk-taking behaviours such as over-spending saved money for things that don’t matter to the patient and having unsafe sex with multiple partners. These kinds of behaviours are what makes these affected patients get into a psychiatrist or psychologist in the first place.

Some of these affected patients may be caught by the police since some risk-taking behaviours may be robbing a bank. This kind of episode usually lasts for weeks which disturbs the loved ones of the patient who is suffering the consequences of an uncontrollable episode. These affected patients may have racing thoughts which makes them talk to people at faster speeds. These affected patients may also become aggressive to people who find their behaviours annoying and disturbing.

Hypermanic

A hyper manic episode is a kind of manic episode that is permanent. This means that a patient who is having this episode will be more likely to be in a euphoric mood for the rest of his or her life. This also means that risk-taking behaviours in this kind of episode will be plenty considering that this is permanent. This is not considered as a disorder in the DSM-5 but another term used by medical practitioners to mood disorders not otherwise specified.

This kind of diagnosis is reached when the patient’s symptoms do not reach the minimum criteria for mood disorders. Patients who have this episode tend to not sleep at all and move around when they want to. Most women are diagnosed with this kind of mental condition. You can read about a person with this kind of mental condition by buying this book on this website.

Mania definition

Mania is defined as the extreme high in the mood disorder of bipolar disorder. This kind of episode can be described as an extremely euphoric mood. These affected patients tend to be filled with heavy bouts of joy. Joy is not the only emotion that is in this episode but also irritability in some patients on this episode.

These affected patients tend to not eat. This is because these affected patients are more inclined to move around. These affected patients have a hard time only sitting all the time. These affected people also have large amounts of new ideas that are not stopping in creating more of these ideas.

Define mania

Mania is defined as a kind of mood that is described as a mood filled with full energy. This kind of mood is also characterized by irritability to most male patients who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Patients who are having this mood will feel more confident in doing activities that they have never done before. Patients who are affected by this kind of mood are more likely to get distracted to several ideas and conversations they are encountering. 

Sometimes, less degree of mood is felt in between this kind of episode. This is because this kind of episode is not considered as a permanent episode since this kind of episode only lasts for a week. The appearance of this kind of episode is not expected by the affected patient. You can read a story about a patient who was diagnosed with bipolar disorder with mania as a dominant mood by buying this book on this website

Hypomania (A complete guide)

Mania symptoms

Various symptoms of mania make this kind of mood to the depressive episode in bipolar disorder. These symptoms have a physical and psychological kind. Most of the time, the psychological symptoms are usually felt by affected patients under this kind of mood which makes most patients want to keep having this kind of mood.

The diagnosis of this mood can also be reached by the observation of loved ones. This is true if the patient has been considered to act differently before this kind of mood happened to the patient. For instance, a rational and inhibitory person may become illogical and overactive in this kind of mood. Here are the specific symptoms of this kind of mood in bipolar disorder.

  • A sense of self-importance
  • Ideas tend to change from one subject to another subject
  • Has more energy than the normal energy seen
  • Full of ideas and positive thoughts
  • More extraverted than the normal character
  • Has difficulty in concentrating

Manic episodes

Manic episodes are symptoms of bipolar I disorder. Bipolar I disorder is the kind of bipolar disorder that needs to have at least 1 manic episode and 1 depressive episode. These manic episodes tend to last for a week and may cause danger to the client’s community. This is because the client may feel that the mood can’t be controlled and may do dangerous behaviours such as rape and murder which can lead to imprisonment. 

Hypomania symptoms

The symptoms of hypomania are the same as manic symptoms. This is because these two moods are associated with each other. The difference with both these moods is that hypomania is milder than mania. Hypomania also makes the affected patient more productive than a patient in a mania. Also, hypomania is a mood requirement for a diagnosis of bipolar II disorder.

This kind of bipolar disorder needs at least one hypomanic episode and one depressive episode. Hypomania can be detected in a patient when the patient acts as a different character before this mood disorder started. This can be verified by reports of loved ones of the patient, especially parents and close friends. Without further ado, here are the following symptoms of hypomania.

  • Seems to have high energy
  • Is overly optimistic
  • Tends to get a lot of jobs to do which the patient can or can’t do it all
  • Has slight irritability
  • Does not engage in risk-taking behaviours such as over-spending and casual sex

Hypomania meaning

The meaning of hypomania is the mood of less mania. This is because this kind of mania is a sub-portion of the umbrella term which is mania. This means that hypomania is a kind of mania that is not too severe as mania. As mentioned before, mania includes risk-taking behaviours but hypomania doesn’t have these kinds of behaviours as symptoms.

Manic behaviour

Manic behaviour tends to be overly excited behaviour. Patients who are in this kind of mood episode will become more talkative than before. This talkative character will be seen as moving in and off-topic because of the flight of ideas in the patient’s mind. This flight of ideas makes patients think about many different topics that can run through their minds all day without stopping. 

This can make patients have sleepless nights since these ideas make the patient move around. This can also make patients irritable when they say these kinds of ideas to another person and finds the person’s disinterest on what they are saying. The patient may also engage in unhealthy behaviours such as binge-eating and smoking. These kinds of behaviours can lead to more of these kinds of episodes that will continue causing distress upon the person.

Mania meaning

The meaning of mania is the kind of mood that is the enthusiastic mood in bipolar disorder. This kind of mood episode is the opposite of depressive episode in this kind of mood disorder. People who are in this episode are quick in moving anywhere they can. These people are more likely to be energetic in any situation despite the person’s usual reservations for a kind of situation. 

Psychotic symptoms are rampant in this mood episode. These symptoms are not seen in patients with hypomania. This mood episode can make people go through big decisions without thinking. These big decisions will only serve to cause stress upon the patient who is in a manic episode. These people have overconfidence in their abilities that they get irritable when other people don’t believe in their beliefs.

Bipolar mania

Mania in bipolar I disorder can cause significant dysfunction in one’s life. This can cause the patient distress at work when the person feels their thoughts are racing at ever minute. This can cause mistakes in doing different records at work. Speech is also disrupted with these people since different topics can be very influential to come out to speak out despite the patient is holding a meeting with the employer on a status report.

What is a manic episode

A manic episode is an expansive mood that makes the person feel deviant to his or her community, cause danger in the community, distressed about the mood, and dysfunction in work, school, and social life. This kind of episode can make people feel more motivated to reach their goals. This episode doesn’t need to be the first episode felt by the patient in the duration of bipolar I disorder. This episode can happen before and after a depressive episode in this kind of bipolar disorder.

These people may also tend to do a lot of projects and doing none of them. Some patients may finish these projects all day long without any need for rest. This doesn’t mean that people with these symptoms may have a debilitating manic episode. The mood episode should be able to cause the patient significant distress, danger, deviance, and dysfunction in different areas in life.

Hypomanic definition

Hypomanic is what is labelled on a person who may have symptoms of mania but these kinds of symptoms are less severe. This kind of episode does not cause significant distress to the patient. This kind of episode doesn’t cause significant dysfunction in the patient’s important areas in life such as school, work, or social life. This kind of episode can make the person more creative and powerful than not having this kind of state which makes the patient miss taking medication only to be in this kind of state.

Hypomania (A complete guide)

Hypomania definition

Hypomania is the kind of mood that is described to be productive and cheerful. This kind of episode makes people want to complete their work all day long and not feel tired. This kind of episode is more than the normal mood of the patient but does not create severe side effects, unlike in a manic episode. People in this kind of episode will become more confident and important than they were before. 

This kind of mood episode can happen on its own. This is different from a manic episode which must occur in patients with bipolar I disorder. This means that a person can have a hypomanic episode even when not having the Symptoms of bipolar disorder. You can learn more about this kind of episode and how to manage this episode by buying this book on this website.

Manic episode symptoms

The symptoms of the manic episode are characterized by an enthusiastic and joyous mood. The duration of this kind of episode should last at least a week to be considered as the diagnosis of this kind of episode. This elevated mood can be observed by loved ones who have known the patient for a long time to consider the patient’s mood as this kind of episode. Here are the symptoms of a manic episode.

  • Difficulties in maintaining attention
  • Extreme involvement in pleasurable activities
  • Motivated to make new goals that may not be completed by the patient
  • Has caused personal distress in the patient’s life
  • Has less need to sleep or eat

Manic vs hypomanic

Differences between a manic episode and hypomanic episode have been found by researchers who have focused their attention on the diagnosis of bipolar disorder. A hypomanic episode can be treated by changes in lifestyle alone, unlike a manic episode. A manic episode is more severe than a hypomanic episode. Patients who are undergoing a manic episode are more likely to get institutionalized than patients who are experiencing a hypomanic episode.

A manic episode can cause more significant distress to the patient than a patient with a hypomanic episode. Manic episodes have psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations than hypomanic episodes. In diagnosing the patient for a manic episode, the person’s mood episode should last for a week. A hypomanic episode tends to last for only 4 days.

Signs of mania

The signs of mania can be detected once the person knows the symptoms of this mood episode. The diagnosis of this kind of episode can be made if the patient has experienced three or more symptoms of this kind of episode. Mood changes will be a dominant sign of this kind of episode to loved ones since they know the patient more than most people who may see this patient. Changes in energy levels are also observed in these patients who are experiencing this kind of episode.

What does mania mean

Mania is an abnormal euphoric mood state. People who are in this kind of state will face extreme insomnia since these people will feel that they have no need for sleep. This is because people can’t control themselves when they’re in this kind of state. People who are undergoing this kind of episode will be more extraverted and loud in speaking.

These people are also prone to poor judgment. This can lead these people to feel to create poor choices which is one of the reasons why this kind of state can cause severe dysfunction in life. This kind of state can be combined with a depressive state and this kind of condition is called mixed mania. You can learn more about mixed mania by buying this book on this website

Manic bipolar episode

The manic episode in bipolar disorder is the high felt by the patient, unlike the incoming depressive episode. The patient will feel that thoughts are speeding in his or her head. The patient may behave in inappropriate ways in this kind of episode. The patient may feel increased sexual arousal which can lead to many unsafe and casual sexual experiences with strangers.

Mania and hypomania

Mania and hypomania are two of the euphoric mood episodes in the two kinds of bipolar disorder. Mania is a euphoric mood that is characterized by severe behaviour that may cause the patient to be hospitalized or penalized by the police force. Hypomania is also a euphoric mood but this kind of mood is not severe enough to cause the patient’s hospitalization. This kind of episode may even lead the patient to function better in life.

Both of these mood episodes can be found in schizoaffective disorder. This kind of disorder is a psychotic kind of disorder where mood episodes can also happen. Mania occurs in patients who are diagnosed with bipolar I disorder. While hypomania occurs in patients who have bipolar II disorder.

What is manic

Manic is the behaviour of a person in a manic episode. This episode is characterized by high energy and reckless behaviour. People who are in this episode tend to have less need for sleep since they feel they can do anything for a whole day. These people also tend to cause distress on other people due to their grandiose delusions and irritability.

Manic feeling

The feeling of a manic episode is an exhilarating feeling. This is because of the person who thinks that he or she cannot be stopped by anyone. These people often find this episode to make them better people. This is why most patients don’t take their medications to treat the symptoms of this episode. 

This feeling also makes them highly productive on the goals they want to accomplish in life. This makes them lose their sleeping hours for the making of these goals. These people also tend to be irritable if people start getting in their way. This episode cannot be easily controlled by people since this episode may arise from the lack of emotion regulation.

Whats mania

Mania is the high episode in bipolar I disorder. This kind of episode will swing from this kind of high mood to the low mood of depression. Most people who have this mood disorder tend to have this kind of episode for a week. This episode may also last for 4 days if the mood swings are regularly shifting.

Mania disorder

Mania in bipolar I disorder has more observable symptoms than hypomania. This is because this kind of episode tends to make people do behaviours that can create legal consequences for them. For instance, a patient may cause rape to another person during this episode. This can cause the patient to be punished even if the patient was only experiencing a dysregulation of mood.

The patient may also appear to have a lot to say in the conversation. Listeners may see them as an annoyance since they can’t stop talking. This can lead to the patient getting angry at the listener for insulting his or her behaviour. This may lead to the patient engaging in dangerous fights with people who may try to bring the patient to justice in the court.

Manic laughter

The laughter in people who are having a manic episode is described as inappropriate to the situation. This is because people who are having this episode tend to laugh unexpectedly. This can happen when an idea is compulsive to the patient and needs to be released. This symptom can also make these patients diagnosed with a psychotic disorder.

Hypomania (A complete guide)

Hypomania treatment

Different kinds of treatment are available for patients with this kind of mood episode. Medications that stabilize mood are the first kind of treatment used for these patients. This is because the patient can respond to therapy better if they weren’t in a hyper mood. An example of this medication is lithium which is usually prescribed for the healing of this mood episode.

Home remedies can also be used to alleviate symptoms of this mood episode. The patient should have a regular and healthy diet to give enough nutrients for the brain to minimize the mood dysregulation that causes this mood episode. Exercise can also alleviate the symptoms of this mood episode. The patient who had enough sleep will save himself or herself from this mood episode.

Conclusion

Hypomania is a kind of mood episode in bipolar II disorder that is described with productivity and hyper mood. This kind of mood episode and mania are similar in symptoms but mania has more severe symptoms such as engaging in risky behaviours. Treatments are used to alleviate symptoms of this kind of mood episode and get the patient away from emotional distress. You can comment below on your thoughts about this kind of mood episode and share your experiences with this kind of mood episode.

FAQ Questions

What are the examples of hypomania?

The examples of hypomania are increased sexual desire and extreme irritability and anger in patients.

What is a mild form of bipolar called?

The mild form of bipolar is called cyclothymia.

What is type 3 bipolar?

Type 3 bipolar is the non-medical term of cyclothymia.

Is Bipolar 1 or 2 worse?

The bipolar I disorder is worse than the bipolar II disorder since a full manic episode is present in this kind of bipolar disorder.

What are the signs of bipolar in women?

The signs of bipolar in women are the same as men such as extremely irritable mood, grandiose delusions, suicidal tendencies, and risky behaviours.

Citations

Avon and Wiltshire Mental Health Partnership. (n. d.). Hypomania and mania. Retrieved from here.

Bipolar UK. (n. d.). Bipolar and the “allure of mania”. Retrieved from here.

Bupa UK. (n. d.). Bipolar disorder. Retrieved from here.

Cogora Limited. (2018, June). ‘A complete personality change’ – managing bipolar disorder. Retrieved from here.

Crown. (2019, March). Symptoms Bipolar Disorder. NHS. Retrieved from here.

Knott, L. (2017, August). Bipolar Disorder. Patient. Retrieved from here.

Mental Health Foundation. (2019, May). Bipolar disorder. Retrieved from here.

Mental Health Foundation. (n. d.). Mental Health Statistics: bipolar. Retrieved from here.

Mental Health UK. (n. d.). Symptoms of bipolar disorder. Retrieved from here.

Mind. (2016, August). Hypomania and mania. Retrieved from here.

Rethink Mental Illness. (n. d.). Bipolar Disorder. Retrieved from here.Warner, H. (2013, March). Bipolar mum: ‘It was as if someone stole our mother’. Dailymail. Retrieved from here.

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