Halima S. Qureshi is a practising Clinical Psychologist for the last 5 years, as well as the founding member of Counseling Center in one of the acclaimed Universities of Pakistan.
She deals in psychological disorders especially related to early adulthood and adulthood.
She is well versed in the field with more than 4 years of teaching and research experience in the field of Psychology.
Currently, she is doing her Doctorate in Clinical Psychology and she is developing Intervention and working with Cognitive Behavior Hypnotherapy for Non-Suicidal Self Injury disorder a newly recognized disorder in DSM 5.
Her therapeutic expertise is in Cognitive Behavior Therapy, as well as she is Master Practitioner of Neurolinguistics Programming (NLP) from NFNLP, USA.
In the GAD7 test, the brief 7 questions will screen the individual for generalized anxiety disorder. The results provide information regarding the disorder and cannot be considered diagnostic.
Table of Contents
Description of GAD7 Test
GAD7 test is formulated and adapted version of Dr Robert Spitzer, he developed the tool to assess GAD. This test is the brief assessment tool to screen GAD, the scores of GAD7 test will provide you with an estimate and advise to consult a professional mental health practitioner in case there is the requirement. This test is not for diagnostic purposes and cannot be used in formal mental health setting as a diagnostic tool. This tool is informational and must be used accordingly.
What is GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder)?
When an individual is uncertain about future consequences he or she might face in an unfamiliar and new situation, there will be fear and apprehensions. This is the body's natural response and is named as Anxiety. For instance, giving a presentation in front of the whole class or the first day of a job may cause feelings of fear and nervousness.
A certain amount of Anxiety is necessary for survival and it might actually keep some people motivated to do work and engage in problem-solving. Anxiety becomes problematic when it starts interfering in daily routine and stops the person from being productive. If the anxiety feelings cross the threshold level and last for six months, then it is called Anxiety Disorder.
Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder
There are many types of Anxiety Disorder and with their distinguished symptoms, however, the more general type of Anxiety Disorder is called Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) which is most prevalent and consist of basic Anxiety symptoms such as:
· Feeling of being ”on-edge”
· Excessive worry
· Excessive irritability
· Difficulty in concentrating and focusing
· Sleep disturbances
In daily life, these symptoms are normal to experience but those with GAD experience them on a higher intensity and persistently.
Types of Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety Disorders include the following types of diagnosis classified by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders: Fifth Edition (DSM-V):
Separation anxiety disorder:
Excessive fear of separating from those to whom the individual is attached lasting for 4 weeks in children and 6 months in adults.
· High level of anxiety when anticipating or being away from home or attachment figure
· Persistent worry of losing a loved one
· Persistent worry of harm to oneself
· Refusal to go out, away from the caregiver
· Fear of being alone or sleeping away from home
· Nightmares with the theme of separation
· Failure to speak outside of home in social situations even in school
· They can speak at home when the parents are present
· Inability to speak even in the presence of close friends or immediate family members
· Excessive fear related to a particular object or situation, for instance, height, animals or flying
· Avoidance of the phobic stimulus
· Children might show signs of this disorder by clinging, throwing tantrums, crying or freezing
Social anxiety disorder, or Social phobia:
· Fear of being in situations where others might judge based on performance
· Fear or having conversation or meeting unfamiliar people
· The individual fears that his anxiety symptoms will show and he will be negatively evaluated
· Avoidance of social situations or endured with extreme fear
· Unexpected persistent panic attacks
· Sudden intense discomfort that reaches a peak within a minute
· Symptoms include sweating, palpitations, pain in chest, heat sensations or chills, fear of dying or losing control
· Excessive worry about having an unexpected panic attack
· Extreme fear and avoidance of situations, events or places where escape is not possible in the face of danger
· It can be fear of open spaces, public transportations, enclosed places, being in a crowd or going outside of home
· They can avoid public situations to the extent that their everyday life becomes extremely difficult
Generalized anxiety disorder:
The symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder have been explained earlier, this is the most common disorder among the population of having an anxiety disorder. It includes excessive worry about almost everything that causes discomfort and disrupts the day-to-day life of a person and those around him.