Factitious disorders – (A guide)

Factitious disorders
JuanitaHFNE

Juanita Agboola is the editor in chief of HFNE and an expert in mental health online. She has been writing about online behaviour, mental health and psychology issues since 2012. All Guides are reviewed by our editorial team which constitutes various clinical psychologists, PhD and PsyD colleagues.

In this blog post, we are going to comprehensively overview the potential contributing factors of factitious disorders, symptoms, treatment options and self-help techniques.

What is this factitious disorder?

There are certain number of people who are always there in need of attention who are always there to be known as attention seekers. This factitious disorder is always related to such kind of people. This factitious disorder is related to all those people who can easily end up pretending like they are suffering from any mental disorder or any mental health issue that will adversely affect or that will cause harm to all those people.

Factitious disorders - (A guide)

In this factitious disorder, an individual will always pretend or act up like as if they are not normal or if they are not feeling well anyways. Such kind of people or an individual will always act it up like this way and all they can do is to create such symptoms for themselves that they are not in a normal state. 

These are considered as the type of people who are always willing to get other people’s backs or their sympathy or they always expect others to give them the cold shoulder or to make them relax and ensure them that whatever they are going through will get normalized soon.

Brief overview of the factitious disorder:

There are certain terms related to an individual’s suffering and pain. In this way, whenever a person is either suffering or is just pretending, he or she can easily relate to such condition. It is the type of disorder in which a person acts or exaggerate any other situation he or she is going through.

The person have such kind of need that all they want from others is that they should be the main focus of every one’s attention and they have an inner want of the fact that people should see them with the disorder and think like they are suffering. This disorder of an individual always depends on the emotions and the scenario or the circumstances that person is going through.

If a person is going through any kind of disorder, then it will badly and have an adverse effect on the workplace of that person. It will also affect the outcome or the level of productivity of that individual. It is not always depicted or intended as a bad mood, sometimes it also results in such a pleasant mood. The behaviour of an individual or the way any specific person acts is the reflection of whatever the person is thinking or if the person is going to any mood disorder.

Factitious disorders - (A guide)

This kind of factitious disorder either results or ends up as the bad mood or the pleasant mood for example depression, anxiety, boredom are the type of bad mood but the pleasure, happiness are the expressions of good mood. But in the end, we all know that this factitious disorder will make people think that the specific individual is not at all okay in any way.

There are not as such kind of causes of the Disorder in general, but psychologists say that there are many various reasons that cause the mood disorder. These several other causes include stress, depression, anxiety, rejection, mental health issues, influence of someone’s behaviour, failure etc are considered as the major causes of the Mood Disorders. 

Scientists also say that the disorder is caused by the hormonal change or the imbalance of neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are those cells that stimulate the function of someone’s acts or behaviours. 

They are responsible for the transmission of cells that are related with the brain cells that can easily control one’s actions or ways that how they behave. Therefore, people or the patient who is affected by this factitious disorder, they always tend to pretend it more likely to behave that they are suffering from any mental health issue or any physical kind of disorder. They will make it such a big deal just to seek attention of as many people as they can but failed.

Causes of factitious disorder:

There are not any as such kind of cause of this factitious disorder, but the main fact is that there are many people out there that have conducted the researches, many scientists have studied this topic several times before.

 All they want is that the best outcome or any main important reason for this disorder, but they have almost failed in getting to know about it. But as there are many researches and paperwork were conducted in schools or high schools so that they can easily get to know about the fact that they should be aware about the main cause or the main purpose of this factitious disorder.

 According to the researches that were conducted in the schools or high schools, the main cause that we got to know about it is that all those people who pretend to have any mental or physical illness or disorder would have lacked a major portion in their lives, either it was that loneliness or something that has happened in the history, early chronic medical illness any family background that broke that specific person. Researchers after the very close studies concluded that both biological as well as psychological factors play an important and an essential role in the development of this factitious disorder. 

There are several symptoms that are identified as the symptoms of the disorder. These symptoms for the emotional depression include the fatigue of one person, a person starts losing interest in all such activities that used to be the source of happiness for him, a person always end up thinking negative, the only solution or the only thought that are left for him in the end are none other than the suicidal thoughts, a person usually thinks of the negativity, anxiety and depression, that person starts feeling empty, an individual start losing all the hopes either related to a person or those hopes are related to life. 

Symptoms

The symptoms for the emotional mania include the restlessness all the time, feelings like the person is able to accomplish or to achieve the targeted goals, Source of happiness, a person starts taking part in all the activities that make him happy, best output or the best outcome in the workplace environment.

 There are many patients of this disorder as well as there are many people who are suffering from this disorder either have the history related to any abuse either mental or physical, any trauma that they have gone through or any traumatized situation that they have suffered all alone.

Factitious disorders - (A guide)

There might be any family background that has made them stand on such position from where they are lost, they don’t have any way to get out of that situation, neither they can go back and travel into the time nor do they want to take a step ahead towards life. Because they are afraid to go through that traumatic situation once again. They are the ones who have suffered through all the ups and downs all alone and now at this stage, whatever they feel, all they want is to pretend in front of others that they are not mentally or physically ok. 

Types of Factitious Disorder:

There are 2 different types of this factitious disorder. One of these 2kinds is that when a person imposes such attitude on oneself, and the other one is that when a person imposes or influences their such kind of negative attitude or the harsh behaviour on someone else.

  • The first type of this factitious disorder is that a person starts mimicking another person. He may seem like a permanently dissatisfied person who has nothing to do and all they want is that people start caring about them. The person may easily seem confused all the time. 
  • The other type of this disorder is that a person has a great impact and start influencing others from their acts and attitudes. Let’s take an example of a broken home child who is now a whole well grown up man and who is the father of 2 to 3 children and running a business of his own. Such kind of talented person also can be the defect oneself. So, for instance that father start beating or slapping his children for no reason, then the only reason behind this act is that the father of the children want attention but is influencing others.

How common is factitious disorder?

This factitious disorder is getting really very common nowadays as people start suffering from a lot of things that can never be identified from any of us. There are certain number of people who are always there in need of attention who are always there to be known as attention seekers. 

This factitious disorder is always related to such kind of people. This factitious disorder is related to all those people who can easily end up pretending like they are suffering from any mental disorder or any mental health issue that will adversely affect or that will cause harm to all those people. It is considered as a type of disorder. In this factitious disorder, an individual will always pretend or act up like as if they are not normal or if they are not feeling well anyways. 

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Conclusion

Such kind of people or an individual will always act it up like this way and all they can do is to create such symptoms for themselves that they are not in a normal state. These are considered as the type of people who are always willing to get other people’s backs or their sympathy or they always expect others to give them the cold shoulder or to make them relax and ensure them that whatever they are going through will get normalized soon. 

Factitious disorders - (A guide)

Frequently Asked Questions 

Q1. What is the difference between malingering and factitious disorder?

A: Malingering is considered as one of those disorders in which a person is not suffered, however any person can indicate it in such manner. Most of the patients are children who are not able to take care of themselves. However factitious disorder is the one in which a person pretends to be like he is sick.

Q2. Is Munchausen a factitious disorder?

A: Munchausen is considered as one of those mental health problems or disorder which is caused by the emotional disorder. While factitious disorder is one of a kind through which any individual start acting or pretending not to be ok and having mental as well as physical disorders.

Q3. How do you treat factitious disorder?

A: The first and the foremost threat of the patients of factitious disorder is that they should immediately concern any psychiatrist who can help them out with the best solutions of their such disorder through the Psychotherapy that is considered as the type of counselling sessions

Q4 What causes factitious disorder?

Childhood trauma, serious illness and the loss of loved one are the real causes of the facetious disorder. 

Q5 Is factitious disorder a mental illness?

Factitious issue is a psychological issue where an individual goes about as though the person in question has a physical or dysfunctional behaviour when, truth be told, the person in question has deliberately made the indications. These individuals are happy to experience excruciating or hazardous tests to get compassion and extraordinary consideration.

Q6 Is factitious disorder in DSM5?

A person suffers with the intricate physiological fabricate issue. 

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