This Bipolar test is to screen the bipolar disorder and this test can only be used for the informal screening. The formal diagnosis cannot be done on the basis of this Bipolar test.
What is Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is described as a condition that causes extreme changes in energy and activity level and mood fluctuations which hinders a person’s daily life. This disorder is named Bipolar and other related disorders which include bipolar I and II disorders along with cyclothymia.
Before DSM-5, this condition has been as manic depression which is a serious mental condition that has been put in between the depression disorders and psychotic disorders in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. If it is not treated, it can create a lot of hindrances in relationships, in career and education. In extreme cases, it can lead to suicide.
Prevalence of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder has been found in males and females equally. It is commonly diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 25 years but the symptoms can occur any time, at any age.
Alternating episodes of mania or extreme euphoria and depression are the main symptoms of Bipolar disorder. These episodes can be extreme but in between the highs and lows, the mood may stay normal. Fluctuations in mood are severe, incapacitating and devastating than normal mood swings. Some people with bipolar disorder might experience having hallucinations as well.
Many people refuse to take medication or some stop taking them and their condition gets worse, however, if the patients follow proper treatment, the condition can be controlled and managed, they can work, study and have a productive life.
Studies revealed that people with bipolar disorder are extremely creative but because of their abrupt mood swings make it hard for them to concentrate and stay on a project or plan which results in them having started a lot of projects but nothing finished.
Types of Bipolar Disorder in DSM 5
There are three broad types of bipolar disorder according to DSM-5.
1. Bipolar I disorder
2. Bipolar II disorder
Bipolar I disorder
In order to diagnosis a person with bipolar I:
● One manic episode is must
● The person previously should have had a depressive episode
● Other disorders must be ruled out that are not associated with bipolar disorder, for instance, delusional disorder, schizophrenia, and other psychotic disorders
Bipolar II Disorder
Bipolar II diagnosis is given when
● At least one hypomanic episode and,
● One or more episodes of depression have been experienced
Hypomanic symptoms include being competitive, sleeping less than normal and extremely energetic. This state is not as severe as manic state and hence, it does not affect the functioning of a person fully.
Bipolar II can have
● Mixed episodes of mania and depression
● Symptoms of mood incongruent or mood-congruent psychotic features
In cyclothymia, there are symptoms of hypomania but that does not meet the full criteria of hypomania and there are symptoms of depression that do not fully meet the criteria of major depressive disorder. The mood changes are less dramatic than that of mania/hypomania or depression.
About this Bipolar Test
This bipolar test is based on the DSM 5 criteria of Bipolar disorder, as well as based on the assessment interview with the psychologist.
This bipolar test will only give an idea about the possibility of bipolar disorder and the results can never be used for a formal diagnosis. The test is for self-assessment and cannot be used by a mental health professional for diagnosis.
The bipolar test will let you know if you need to consult a mental health professional regarding your symptoms.
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