Anxiety Symptoms (A Complete Guide)

Anxiety Symptoms

In this brief article, we will be discussing anxiety symptoms, the physical anxiety symptoms, severe anxiety symptoms, emotional symptoms of anxiety, and more information about anxiety symptoms

What are anxiety symptoms?

Anxiety symptoms are the feelings and bodily sensations that people with anxiety feel. These kinds of symptoms vary from different affected people and some may have these symptoms in severe forms than others. 

Although some common anxiety symptoms are reported and are the following:

  • anxiousness, being tense or sleeplessness
  • feelings of danger, dread or panic
  • quick heart rate
  • quick breathing or hyperventilation
  • enhanced or heavy sweating
  • shaking or muscle twitching
  • fatigue and lethargy
  • Issues in focusing or thinking clearly and directly about anything other than the thing you’re anxious about
  • insomnia
  • digestive or gastrointestinal concerns such as gas, diarrhoea or constipation
  • a strong need to prevent the things that cause your anxiety
  • obsessions about specific thoughts which is a sign of obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • doing specific behaviours repeatedly
  • anxiety about a certain life event or experience that has happened in the past, especially implying post-traumatic stress disorder

Panic attacks or anxiety attacks

A panic attack is an unexpected arousal of fears and worries that may be triggered or not by any kind of stimuli with the following anxiety symptoms:

  • palpitations
  • sweating
  • shaking or trembling
  • feeling shortness of breath or being smothered
  • feeling of choking
  • chest aches or tightness
  • nausea or gastrointestinal difficulties
  • dizziness, feeling faint or light-headedness
  • Sensations of hot or cold
  • Emotional numbness or tingling feelings or paresthesia
  • feeling detached from oneself or reality which is recognized as depersonalization and derealization
  • fear of going insane or lacking control
  • Anxiety about dying

Anxiety symptoms can occur in some psychological disorders that aren’t considered as anxiety disorders. This is the case with panic attacks in panic disorder or agoraphobia. 

Panic attacks may have the symptoms that are related to heart disease, breathing disorders, thyroid difficulties and other conditions. This is why people with these kinds of symptoms are regular visitors in physicians’ offices. 

These affected people tend to believe that they are suffering from conditions that may lead them closer than death aside from a condition that makes them have anxiety symptoms. You can learn more about these attacks by buying this book on this website.

Anxiety Symptoms (A Complete Guide)

What are the effects of anxiety symptoms?

The effects of anxiety symptoms differs for each person with anxiety. Here are some of the effects of these kinds of symptoms in affected people.

Effects of anxiety symptoms on your body

  • a churning and uncomfortable sensation in your stomach
  • feeling light-headed or dizzy
  • Feeling of pins and needles
  • feeling sleepless or unable to sit still
  • Backache, headaches or other aches and pains
  • faster breathing
  • a fast, thumping or abnormal heartbeat
  • sweating or hot flushes
  • problems sleeping
  • grinding your teeth, especially at night which disturbs your sleep
  • nausea 
  • needing the toilet more or less than typical
  • alterations in your sex drive
  • having panic attacks

You can learn more about the feeling of anxiety in your body by buying this book on this website.

Anxiety Symptoms (A Complete Guide)

Effects pf anxiety symptoms on your mind

  • feeling tense, unable to calm down or nervous
  • having a sense of dread or fearing the worst that can occur
  • feeling like the world is getting fast or slowing down
  • feeling like other people can see you’re nervous and are observing you
  • feeling like you can’t avoid worrying or those bad things will occur if you stop worrying
  • worrying about anxiety itself, for instance, worrying about when panic attacks might occur
  • needing lots of reassurance from other people or worrying that people are mad or disappointed at you
  • worrying that you’re lacking contact with reality
  • rumination which is thinking a lot about bad events or thinking over a circumstance repeatedly
  • depersonalisation which is the feeling of being disconnected from your mind or body or like you’re seeing someone else and this is considered as a form of dissociation
  • derealisation which is a sensation of being disconnected from the world around you, or like the world isn’t real at all and this is also considered as a kind of dissociation
  • worrying a lot about stuff that might occur in the future

What are the types of psychological disorders with anxiety symptoms?

The types of psychological disorders with anxiety symptoms are the following:

Agoraphobia

People with agoraphobia have locations where they feel helpless and lacking control of themselves such as being worried about escaping from a crowded place. This feeling in this situation will make these people feel the trigger to have panic attacks. 

This will make people with agoraphobia to prevent going into these places despite they have be there with friends. You can learn more about this anxiety disorder by buying this book on this website.

Anxiety Symptoms (A Complete Guide)

Generalized anxiety disorder

People with a generalized anxiety disorder to worry and be on edge of every activity even if some of these activities are routine. This anxiety disorder tends to last for 6 months which is enough to cause significant distress in the affected person. 

This worry about many things can trigger physical anxiety symptoms in the body like headaches, trouble sleeping or stomach pain.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder 

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is where the affected person will have to do repetitive behaviours to get rid of unwanted thoughts. These compulsive behaviours tend to take too much of the affected person’s time that it may cause dysfunction in the person’s life such as always getting late to work due to making sure that the hands are washed thoroughly for an hour. 

Aside from hand washing, other compulsive behaviours as anxiety symptoms are counting, making sure not to step on lines, and repetitive checking. You can learn more about the obsessive-compulsive disorder by buying this book on this website.

Anxiety Symptoms (A Complete Guide)

Panic disorder

Panic disorder is when the affected person experiences unexpected and extreme anxiety attacks that can last for minutes. This means that this psychological disorder has the anxiety symptom of panic attacks. 

Affected people who have panic attacks are experiencing the following anxiety symptoms:

  • sensations of impending danger
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • quick or abnormal heartbeat that feels like fluttering or pounding or palpitations

Panic attacks make these affected people anxious about the re-occurring of these episodes which makes them avoid situations where these attacks may happen.

Post-traumatic stress disorder having anxiety symptoms

Post-traumatic stress disorder usually happens when the affected person has experienced one or more of the following distressing situations:

  • war
  • assault
  • natural disaster
  • accident

Anxiety symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder are disturbing dreams, having difficulty calming down or flashbacks of the traumatic event or situation. These affected people prevent themselves from encountering stimuli that remind them of the traumatic event they’ve experienced.

You can learn more about post-traumatic stress disorder by buying this book on this website.

Selective mutism

Selective mutism is a psychological disorder that can occur in childhood where the child is unable to speak. These affected children would not speak at school but would speak with only family members. 

As you can see, selective mutism can cause dysfunction in a child’s life.

Separation anxiety disorder

Separation anxiety disorder is a childhood anxiety disorder where the child fears about leaving a loved one or the loved one is nowhere to be found. Although separation anxiety is a normal part of childhood development. 

Most children get out of this anxiety by 18 months. But some children don’t grow out this anxiety which makes them greatly distressed whenever the loved one is always not around.

Specific phobias

Specific phobias are a collection of fears of certain objects or situations. People with this anxiety disorder are fearful of these stimuli that they will do any means necessary to avoid these stimuli. 

They also have a strong need to avoid these stimuli since they encounter panic attacks when they face a feared object or situation.

Causes and risk factors of anxiety symptoms

Most doctors are confused about the causes and risk factors of anxiety symptoms. Some would suggest these kinds of symptoms can occur in people who are susceptible to these symptoms due to their experiences of distressing events. 

Hereditary also causes anxiety symptoms in affected people. These kinds of symptoms can also be triggered by the occurrence of a physical disorder that can cause physical symptoms of this anxiety disorder.

An affected person may have one or more anxiety disorders with different anxiety symptoms at the same time. These kinds of symptoms can also be comorbid with other psychological disorders such as depression or bipolar disorder. 

This is very accurate of generalized anxiety disorder where most affected people would experience depression with this anxiety disorder.

Treatment for people with anxiety symptoms

Anxiety symptoms tend to be minimized thanks to psychotherapies. Although this still depends on the severity of an affected person’s symptoms. 

Most anxiety symptoms can be treated with only therapy or only medication but there are times when both of these treatment options are used at the same time. Cognitive-behavioural therapy and exposure therapy are the most widely used psychotherapies for these kinds of symptoms where the emphasis is on the change of negative behaviours. 

These kinds of therapies can help you be more able to manage your anxiety symptoms in daily life. Cognitive-behavioural therapy helps you determine the negative thinking patterns that may have triggered these kinds of symptoms.

Exposure therapy makes you get exposed to your feared object or situation in an environment where no one will judge you and your severe anxiety symptoms may not be present. You will be encountering your feared stimuli whether in imagination or real-life where you can feel more in control of the feared stimuli. 

When you face your fears without the possibility of getting hurt, you will find yourself able to control your anxiety symptoms.

Medication for anxiety symptoms

Severe anxiety symptoms tend to be treated with medications that reduce these symptoms. However, anti-anxiety medications may not be good for your long-term health and you can ask your doctor about the safest treatment option available. 

Many affected people are fond of taking anti-anxiety medications, especially when other forms of treatment are currently ineffective. It is important that you check the advantages and disadvantages that you may get from the treatment option for anxiety symptoms that you might be selecting.

Conclusion 

In this brief article, we have discussed anxiety symptoms, the physical anxiety symptoms, severe anxiety symptoms, emotional symptoms of anxiety, and more information about anxiety symptoms

If you have any questions about anxiety symptoms, please let us know and the team will gladly answer your queries.

FAQs: Anxiety symptoms

What anxiety can do to your body?

Anxiety can trigger the flight or fight response to your body. This allows the body to let the chemicals and hormones such as adrenaline to flow throughout your body. This function can make you sweat more and have a pulsing heart rate which readies you for immediate action.

Can anxiety kill you?

No, anxiety can’t kill you but anxiety symptoms can make you feel like you are about to die. For instance, chest pain is part of these kinds of symptoms which will make you worried that you might be getting a physical condition in the midst of your anxiety attack.

Does anxiety worsen with age?

Anxiety worsens with age if the anxiety is considered as severe. This can also occur when the person with anxiety symptoms haven’t been intervened for psychological treatments. These kinds of treatments are vital to not worsen these kinds of symptoms

Is there any cure for anxiety?

There is a cure for anxiety such as therapy and/or medication. Sometimes, these kinds of treatments are used together based on the severity of the anxiety symptoms manifested by the person with anxiety.

Is anxiety a disability?

Anxiety is not a disability but it can disable the person’s functions in life when this emotion becomes severe. The anxiety symptoms can make you feel like everything is going to go wrong in your life which can cause you severe distress.

Citations

Healthline. Everything You Need to Know About Anxiety.

HelpGuide. Anxiety Disorders and Anxiety Attacks.

Mind. Anxiety and panic attacks.

Rethink Mental Illness. Anxiety Disorders.

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Anxiety Symptoms (A Complete Guide)

Juanita Agboola

Juanita Agboola is the editor in chief of HFNE and an expert in mental health online. She has been writing about online behaviour, mental health and psychology issues since 2012. All Guides are reviewed by our editorial team which constitutes various clinical psychologists, PhD and PsyD colleagues.

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